Saturday,February 9, 2019

PBSAP Implementation Status

Implementation of the PBSAP 2015-2028 towards the achievement of Aichi targets:

The Philippines developed its Philippine Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan’s (PBSAP) as a commitment to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and response to the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020. The PBSAP clustered its targets and focus on biodiversity conservation, ecosystem services, human well-being and reduction of biodiversity threats.  It envisions that “By 2028, biodiversity is restored and rehabilitated, valued, effectively managed and secured, maintaining ecosystem services to sustain healthy, resilient Filipino communities and delivering benefits to all”.


The PBSAP was developed guided by the Global Strategic Plan for Biodiversity (Nagoya Protocol).It is a Roadmap towards biodiversity conservation that integrates and mainstreams the CBDs objectives into the national development and sectoral planning framework with measurable targets for CBD commitments.




PBSAP Target No Target
No.1 By 2028, the conservation status of nationally and globally threatened species in the country from 2016 levels is maintained or improved.
No.2 By 2028, there will be no net loss in natural forest cover.
No.3 By 2028, there will be no net loss in presence and area distribution of live coral cover, mangrove and seagrasses.
No.4 By 2028, over 50% of genetic diversity of cultivated plants and farmed and domesticated animals and wild relatives will be conserved or maintained.
No.5 By 2028, the population of migratory bird species identified in selected inland and coastal wetlands along the EAAF will be maintained.
No.6 By 2028, there will be a 5% increase in the proportion of green spaces in the five largest cities.
Ecosystem services provided
No.7 By 2028, as result of improved conservation, ecosystem services provided by key biodiversity areas will be enhanced.
No.8 By 2028, as result of improved conservation, ecosystem services provided by key biodiversity areas will be enhanced.
Human wellbeing target
No.9 By 2028, there will be an annual increase of at least 5% in biodiversity conservation related jobs (ecotourism, sustainable agriculture, ecosystem restoration).
Results related to reducing threats to biodiversity
No.10 By 2028, the key threats to biodiversity will be reduced, controlled or managed.
Results related to addressing drivers of threats
No.11 By 2028, there will be a 10% increase in agricultural areas devoted to all types of biodiversity-friendly agriculture.
No.12 By 2028, capacity for biodiversity conservation of public and private sector groups in terrestrial and marine PAs/KBAs will be strengthened.
No.13 By 2028, 50% of LGUs will have formulated and adopted the enhanced CLUP using revised HLURB framework.
No.14 By 2028, 1 million ha of degraded ecosystems will be restored and/or will be under various stages of restoration.
No.15 By 2028, there will be at least 10 nationally recognized agricultural heritage systems.
No.16 By 2028, there will be improved conservation management of caves.
No.17By 2020, relevant biodiversity conservation policies to address existing gaps are in place.
No.18 By 2028, there will be a 10% annual increase from the 2015 baseline in the number of schools, POs, media organizations, LGU, private companies, policy makers, government offices that are aware and supportive of biodiversity, its importance, threats and benefits of protecting it.
No.19 By 2028, there will be a 10% increase in total area from 2015 levels of terrestrial including inland wetlands PAs managed through NIPAS and other conservation measures (indigenous community conserved areas, local conservation areas, critical habitats) that overlap with KBAs.
No.20 By 2028, there will be a 20% increase from 2015 levels in the coverage of established MPAs/sanctuaries across various aquatic habitats.

Further, the Philippine Development Plan (PDP) 2017-2022 Chapter 20 targeted to ensure ecological integrity and improve the socio-economic conditions of resource-based communities. Supportive to this is the three (3) major sub-sector outcomes such as (a) sustained biodiversity and functioning of ecosystem services; (b) improved environmental quality; and c) increased adaptive capacities and resilience of ecosystems


The integration of Environment and Natural Resources (ENR) related priorities in the national, regional and local plans must be given attention because this will ensure harmonized biodiversity strategies and actions.  The Republic Act 10964, General Appropriations Act (GAA) 2019, Section 43, mentioned that “all agencies of the government shall ensure that protection of biological diversity is integrated and mainstreamed into their development programs and projects.”