The Philippines is a party to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), which was adopted in the 1992 Earth Summit in Brazil which has since become international law. The ratification of this multilateral treaty is only proper, given that the Philippines is one of the world’s 17 most biodiverse countries, as affirmed by Conservation International (CI) in 1998.
As a party to the CBD, we have accepted certain time-bound obligations, in return for a more sustainable future. In compliance with these obligations, we formulated the 1997 National Biodiversity Strategic Action Plan (NBSAP), which under Article 6 of the Convention is the principal instrument for implementing the Convention at the national level.
The Philippines started formulating its National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan in 1994 with the formulation of the Philippine Strategy for the Conservation of Biological Diversity (PSCBD). In 1995, the Philippines undertook an assessment of the country’s biodiversity through the UNEP-assisted Philippine Biodiversity Country Study. As a result, the National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (NBSAP) was developed and published in 1997.
Five years later, in 2002, a review of the NBSAP was undertaken that identified 206 conservation priority areas and species conservation priorities, collectively known as the Philippine Biodiversity Conservation Priorities (PBCP), which is considered the second NBSAP revision and incorporates six major strategies and immediate actions. Finally, the PBCP was reinforced in 2006 with 228 key biodiversity areas (KBAs) identified covering an estimated 10.56 million hectares.
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