Showcase of significant ecosystems and important wildlife species of the Philippines
Go to Featured Wildlife Species (Fauna)

Featured Wildlife Species (Fauna)

Philippine Bare Back Fruit Bat Dobsonia chapmani

Go to Featured Wildlife Species (Flora)

Featured Wildlife Species (Flora)

Philippine Lipstick Vine Aeschynantus rejiae

Go to Featured Protected Area

Featured Protected Area

El Nido – Taytay Managed Resource Protected Area

Go to Featured Key Biodiversity Area (KBA)

Featured Key Biodiversity Area (KBA)

Pagbilao and Tayabas Bay IBA area

Go to Featured Cave

Featured Cave

Tabon Cave

Go to Featured Wetland

Featured Wetland

Naujan Lake National Park

Go to Featured Critical Habitat/ Local Conservation Area

Featured Critical Habitat/ Local Conservation Area

Carmen Critical Habitat for Marine Turtles

Go to Featured ICCA

Featured ICCA

Featured Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities Conserved Territories and Areas (ICCAs) of the Month

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Uniqueness of Philippine Biodiversity

Statistics and Trends of Philippine Biodiversity

Overview: The Philippines is considered a mega-diversity country rivaled only by a few countries in the world when it comes to variety of ecosystems, species and genetic resources. Many of the island comprising the archipelago are believed to have a very high degree of land and animal species endemism covering at least 25 genera of plants and 50% of terrestrial wildlife. The country hosts more than 52,177 described species, of which more than half is found nowhere else in the world. On a per unit area basis, the Philippines probably harbors more diversity of life than any other country on the planet. Understanding the impact and threat of human activities to the natural environment particularly the effect of increasing population, resource exploitation and industrial advancement and recognizing the critical importance of protecting and maintaining the natural biological and physical diversities of public lands that are habitats of rare and endangered species of plants and animals, biogeographic zones and related ecosystems, the Philippine government provided by the Constitution established the comprehensive system of integrated protected areas or the National Integrated Protected Areas System (NIPAS).

  • Presently, with the passage of RA 11038 or the Expanded NIPAS Act of 2018, the total number of PA's nationwide increased from 240 to 244.

  • 7.7 Million hectares or 26 % of the total land area are Protected Areas under NIPAS

  • Terrestrial PAs (4.67M has.) cover 15.6% of total land surface of the Philippines

  • Marine PAs cover 1.4% of the total marine waters of the Philippines

philippines as megadiverse

Biodiversity Sentinel 2nd Edition

biodiversity sentinel

Biodiversity Sentinel 3rd Edition

National Focal Points

Official Philippine Representatives to the Convention on Biological Diversity(CBD)

Ms. Noralyn Jubaira-Baja

Acting Assistant Secretary Office of United Nations and International Organizations (UNIO) Department of Foreign Affairs 2330 Roxas Blvd. Pasay City, Metro Manila Philippines
CBD Primary National Focal Point

Ms. Petronila P. Garcia

Ambassador Embassy of the Republic of the Philippines 130 Albert Street, Suite 900 Ottawa ON K1P 5G4 Canada
CBD Primary National Focal Point

Mr. Roy A. Cimatu

Secretary Department of Environment and Natural Resources 2/F DENR Building Visayas Avenue, Diliman 1100 Quezon City Philippines
CBD Secondary National Focal Point


Director Biodiversity Management Bureau
CBD Primary NFP, CHM NFP, SBSTTA NFP, Protected Areas NFP

Social Media Posts on Biodiversity

Link to Social Media Post

Quick Facts about Philippine Biodiversity

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